Risk Factors That Affects Health
Health is a condition of mental, physical and social well being where infirmity and disease are absent. Various definitions have also been employed over the years for various purposes. In modern usage however, health is generally considered to be the absence of sickness, the absence of disease, and the ability to enjoy a full range of activity. The definition may also include having health and well being as a result of being able to cope with conditions that might put one at risk. In this way it has been described as a balance between disease, disability, pain, and freedom.
Health can be influenced by both internal and external factors. These include genetics, psychology, environment, lifestyle, and interpersonal relationships. It is also affected by cognitive and behavioral changes brought about by experiences or events. One’s own perception of personal health and well being is therefore important. Although the results of some research point to a link between happiness and physical wellness, most agree that the two are unrelated.
The good health that we all aim for is obtained through a combination of healthy eating habits and a balanced lifestyle. The two go hand in hand and the former cannot be improved without the latter. However, there are certain lifestyle and nutritional changes that can improve health and wellness. The following discussion outlines some of these risk factors and suggestions for maintaining wellness.
Overweight and obesity are both considered to be a health problem because of the associated risks and health implications. Obesity has been associated with a number of diseases including diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and certain cancers. The inactivity, poor diet, lack of physical activity, and sedentary lifestyle choices are all associated with obesity and poor health. These poor health issues can also lead to serious diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, cancer, and osteoporosis. Other diseases that are commonly associated with obesity are chronic liver disease, stroke, arthritis, and other autoimmune diseases.
Poor physical environment is also a significant determinant for poor health status. Studies have shown that an unhealthy or polluted physical environment can significantly increase the risks of numerous diseases including cancer and diabetes. Air pollution and ultraviolet radiation from the sun are the two major environmental determinants that affect the health status of humans. In addition to these environmental determinants, tobacco use, alcohol use, and use of certain medications are also known to significantly affect physical health.
Being aware of these risk factors is important in preventing the onset of several diseases. Prevention is always better than cure, so taking preventive measures is essential to improve health. Many diseases that are considered to be poor health status are preventable with proper exercise, nutrition, and lifestyle choices. However, if prevention cannot be achieved, there are several options to improve wellness. By consulting with a physician or a qualified professional, the necessary action can be taken to prevent disease before it becomes a severe condition.