Known in many countries as poker, poker is a card game where players attempt to earn chips from their opponents by making good decisions with a limited amount of information. Several games have been developed over the years, each with its own set of rules and variations. There are hundreds of ways to play the game, but the basic principles remain the same.
The objective of poker is to make the best hand possible from the five cards in your hand. This can be done by betting or bluffing. The hand with the highest ranking is the one that wins the pot. A five-card poker hand is called a straight flush, and is the best natural hand. Other hands are not as good off the deal, such as a pair of kings.
To begin a poker game, each player puts in a “blind bet” before receiving their cards. These bets are not placed directly into the pot, but rather into a special fund called kitty, which is shared equally by all players who are still in the game. The purpose of kitty is to cover the cost of new decks of cards.
Poker is usually played with a standard pack of 52 cards. Each of the cards in the pack is ranked from Ace to Ten. The highest card breaks ties, while the second highest card wins a hand. The lowest card is a joker. Often, two jokers are included in the pack for games such as Canasta. The jack is the first card dealt to a player.
The player to the left of the dealer begins the betting phase. He must bet or “call” the previous bettor’s bet, or else he may not receive a share of the pot. The betting continues until all of the remaining players fold. If the last player calls, then the betting interval ends and the next player is dealt.
The “showdown” is the moment when the best hand wins the pot. This can occur when there are multiple players with the same highest card, or when two identical hands are tied. In a split pot, the winning player may be from a different part of the table. Alternatively, the winning player may be from the same side as the previous winner.
Some versions of poker allow the use of jokers, which are wild cards. They can be used to break a tie or to win a hand, but only if the cards they contain match the rank of the other cards in the hand. Some games also permit the use of other cards as wild cards, such as the joker in Canasta.
The “best” hand is the highest ranking hand that wins the pot. If more than one player has a five-card hand, then the winner is the one with the best card. If all of the players have identical pairs, then the winner is the one with the highest card.
Generally, there are two or more betting rounds per deal. Each round involves bets on the pot between cards being dealt. The ante is a contribution to the pot, and may be one or more chips. The amount of chips that a player can bet in any single betting interval is typically limited to the number of chips in the pot. In the final betting interval, the limit is generally doubled.