The Conceptualization of Wellness
Health is a condition of mind, physical and emotional well being where infirmity and illness are absent. Over time a wide range of definitions have been employed for purposes of describing health. Some of these include strength, power, independence, endurance, beauty, cleanliness and competence. Health may also be regarded as the absence of disease, death, accidents, or old age.
There are many ways to improve health. One way is through preventative measures. The goal of prevention is to reduce the risk of getting and spreading the disease through a combination of diet, exercise, and good hygiene. Public health aims to promote healthy living as well as to provide a basic service to those who are affected by chronic diseases.
One of the goals of preventive measure is the maintenance of a healthy weight. By maintaining weight at a reasonable level, a person’s risk of becoming affected by a chronic disease is decreased. It is also possible to avoid getting affected by some types of diseases through maintaining a healthy lifestyle. This definition includes both physical and mental aspects.
Mental health refers to a person’s ability to live his life well. Mental well-being is an aspect of the physical health. It means that you can learn to cope with your environment and yourself and know how to handle stress effectively. The concept of well-being is a complex one, and it is the job of psychologists to define it in a way that the public can relate to it.
There are two broad classifications of determinants of well-being. These are internal and external determinants. Internal determinants refer to the qualities that are internal to the individual and are therefore outside of his control. External determinants are those that are within his control but are outside of his control on the physiological level. The two are related because they are correlated and are considered as two sides of the same coin.
There are many causes of health disparities. These include cultural differences, social determinants, genetic differences, dietary practices, and geographic differences. Most health disparities exist among major racial and ethnic groups, socioeconomic status, age, sex, and health status. To end these health disparities, a multifaceted approach that includes knowledge development, cultural modifications, and medical interventions is required.
well-being perspective views health as a process, and it is influenced by a number of risk factors. These include genetics, psychological factors, lifestyle choices, environmental factors, and biological factors. It is also influenced by the emotional state of an individual and how he or she reacts to the health issues.
There are several types of health disorders, and they include physical illness, mental illness, learning disability, alcohol/drug abuse, social environment, occupational status, and ecological exposure. Mental illness often includes bipolar disorder, depression, psychosis, schizophrenia, and mania. Learning disability is related to comprehension, creative abilities, memory, and attention span. Alcohol/drug abuse results to abuse of alcohol or drugs, and occupational status is related to work performance, job security, and coping skills. On the other hand, environmental factors include exposure to physical environment, exposure to hazardous chemicals, and exposure to contaminants.